Guernica by Pablo Picasso, 1937. Oil on canvas, 349.3 x 776.6 cm. Museo Reina Sofia, Madrid, Spain.
"Statesmen will invent cheap lies, putting blame upon the nation that is attacked, and every man will be glad of those conscience-soothing falsities, and will diligently study them, and refuse to examine any refutations of them; and thus he will by and by convince himself that the war is just, and will thank God for the better sleep he enjoys after this process of grotesque self-deception." – Mark Twain1
The Ex-Majlis Building in Tehran by Heydar Gholi Khan Ghiaï-Chamlou in 1955. The project depends heavily on principles of Islamic geometry and combines them with varied textures, materials, and dimensions. Long, exaggerated lines are used on the exterior façades, echoing the Futurist Manifesto. The brise-soleil recalls traditional Middle Eastern screens that filter light and delineate ornate patterns cast in shadows upon three dimensional surfaces. The dome of the building was inspired by the architect’s family crest. It was one of the first major modernist projects in Tehran and was considered the greatest advance in Iranian architecture at the time. Rather than borrowing from the west, it evolved the traditional forms already found in the vernacular architectural vocabulary of the region.